Respondents to a national survey of registered voters were asked if they had a favorable or unfavorable opinion of Black History Month. As a follow-up, they were asked if there should be a White History Month. Overall respondents favored Black History Month by a 57-18 margin, and opposed a White History Month by a 58-22 margin. Ho-hum. We’ve compiled a list of events in American History that would likely be taught during White History Month if the lesson plan was developed by victims.
In the Cherokee Trail of Tears (1838-1839) the American military forced all the Cherokee Indians of Georgia, Alabama, Tennessee and North Carolina out of their homes at gunpoint and forced them to march a thousand miles (1600 km) west to live in a wasteland in what is now called Oklahoma. Their old homeland was taken over by white people.
In the Japanese American internment (1942-1945) the American military, with the help of the Census Bureau, sent 110,000 Japanese Americans to live in prison camps during the Second World War. All the Japanese Americans in the state of California were sent as well as some in Oregon, Washington, Arizona and about 1% of those in Hawaii.
In the Philippine-American War (1899-1902) America crushed Philippine independence, leaving between 200,000 and a million dead. Theodore Roosevelt called it “a war to extend Anglo-American progress and decency”. America ruled the Philippines till the 1940s.
Jim Crow (1877-1967?) was the way of life in the American South for about a hundred years after enslaved Africans were freed. It kept the races separate with blacks at the bottom. It fed on fear. The laws that it was built on were torn down in the 1950s and 1960s by Thurgood Marshall, Martin Luther King, Jr and others in the civil rights movement.
From the time Europeans arrived on American shores, the frontier—the edge territory between white man’s civilization and the untamed natural world—became a shared space of vast, clashing differences that led the U.S. government to authorize over 1,500 wars, attacks and raids on Indians, the most of any country in the world against its indigenous people. By the close of the Indian Wars in the late 19th century, fewer than 238,000 indigenous people remained, a sharp decline from the estimated 5 million to 15 million living in North America when Columbus arrived in 1492.
The Transatlantic slave trade (1501-1867), known by some in Texas as the Atlantic triangular trade, sold at least 12.5 million black Africans as slaves to work for white landowners on the other side of the ocean. Of these 1.8 million died at sea. Most of the rest were worked to death within seven years in the sugar cane fields of Brazil and the Caribbean.
An estimated 15% of the Africans died at sea, with mortality rates considerably higher in Africa itself in the process of capturing and transporting indigenous people to the ships. The total number of African deaths directly attributable to the Middle Passage voyage is estimated at up to two million; a broader look at African deaths directly attributable to the institution of slavery from 1500 to 1900 suggests up to four million African deaths.
Americans Need To Understand Racism. Significance of Racism. What is Racism ? Ways White Racism Appears or Works in American Society. Historical Dominance of Overt Racism to Institutional. Relation of Residual Effects of Overt Racism to Institutional. Subordination. “Invisibility’ of Much Institutional Subordination.
The Black Codes were laws passed by Southern states in 1865 and 1866 in the United States after the American Civil War with the intent and the effect of restricting African Americans’ freedom, and of compelling them to work in a labor economy based on low wages or debt.
The slave patrols (1704-1865) in the American South were armed bands of three to six white men on horseback who rode through the night looking for runaway slaves and other blacks up to “no good”.
Founded in 1866, the Ku Klux Klan (KKK) extended into almost every southern state by 1870 and became a vehicle for white southern resistance to the Republican Party’s Reconstruction-era policies aimed at establishing political and economic equality for blacks. Its members waged an underground campaign of terrorism.
This new data backs up the hard truth that the war on drugs is still raging in America, it is still racist, and it is still disproportionately devastating communities and people of color. In 2013, the ACLU published a national report on marijuana arrests and found that Blacks are almost four times more likely to be arrested for marijuana possession than whites despite comparable usage rates. The report called for the legalization of marijuana across the country.
Who counts as “white” in America has changed: the Irish and the Jews were not considered to be “white” at first. The same is true now for Latinos. About 40% of Americans who are part African pass for white.
America has a proud history of anti-racism – like the Declaration of Independence, abolitionists, Nat Turner, the Underground Railroad, Harriet Tubman, Frederick Douglass, John Brown, Abraham Lincoln, the civil war, the Gettysburg Address, Emancipation, the Radical Republicans, Reconstruction, Ida B. Wells, Thurgood Marshall, Rosa Parks, Martin Luther King, Jr, the civil rights movement, Malcolm X, the Black Panthers, Angela Davis and so much else.
The Southern strategy (1964-2012) is an American political strategy where Republicans win over angry white men, particularly in the South, by appealing to their racism. It has turned the Party of Lincoln into the party of white segregationists, both in the South and in white-flight suburbia. It has made the South the Republican heartland.
Slave women were forced to comply with sexual advances by their masters on a very regular basis. Consequences of resistance often came in the form of physical beatings; thus, an enormous number of slaves became concubines for these men. Most often the masters were already bound in matrimony, which caused tension and hatred between the slave and the mistress of the house. Many “mulatto” or racially mixed children also resulted from these relations. Because the “status of the child” followed that of his or her mother, the child of a white man would not be freed based upon patriarchal genealogy. These children also became a sore reminder for the mistress of her husbands infidelity.
Madison Grant (1865-1937) was an American scientific racist and conservationist. In 1916 he wrote the book that Hitler called his Bible: “The Passing of the Great Race”, a best-seller in America. He helped to shape Americanlaws on immigration, marriage and even deer hunting and was a friend of Presidents Theodore Roosevelt and Herbert Hoover. He was a founder of the Bronx Zoo and was behind putting Ota Benga there.
Human zoos (1500s- ), also known as ethnological exhibits, Negro villages or people shows (Völkerschau), showed non-Western people at zoos and fairs. They have been common in the West since the time of Columbus, but reached their height from the 1870s to the 1930s – back in the days of Joseph Conrad, Gauguin, minstrel shows and the birth of National Geographic.
White flight is where whites move out of a neighbourhood in large numbers. You see this in America when a place becomes more than about one-tenth black. It is a big reason why so many whites left American cities in the 1950s and 1960s – because blacks started moving in.
Proposition 14, or the California Fair Housing initiative, became a focal point for the issue of racial discrimination and the civil rights movement in California in 1964. The collection contains political campaign material (pamphlets, brochures, newsletters, monographs, flyers, bumper stickers) directly related to Proposition 14
The Rosewood massacre was a racially motivated massacre of black people and destruction of a black town that took place during the first week of January 1923 in rural Levy County, Florida. At least six black people and two white people were killed, though eyewitness accounts suggested a death toll as high as 150.
The Tuskegee Experiment (1932-1972) was a 40-year American government study of the effects of untreated syphilis on black men. “Untreated” is the key word: when a cure for the disease was found in the 1940s, none of the men were allowed to receive it, not even to save their lives or stop them from going mad. It sounds like some cruel Nazi experiment. And yet it went on even after laws were passed in the late 1940s to prevent cruel Nazi experiments!
Sundown towns (1890-1968 ) were white-only towns in America where blacks and others were not allowed to live. There were thousands of them. They were outlawed in 1968 by the Fair Housing Act.
The name comes from signs at the edge of townwarning blacks to leave by sundown. One sign in Hawthorne, California in the 1930s said, “Nigger, don’t let the sun set on you in Hawthorne.”Blacks were allowed in town during the day to work but had to leave before nightfall.
Emmett Till (1941-1955) was a 14-year-old black boy who whistled at a white woman and was savagely beaten and killed. That was in 1955 in Mississippi in the American South. The two men who killed him were white. They walked free.
Emmett Till lived in Chicago, his mother’s only child. She sent him down south to Money, Mississippito spend two weeks during the summer with his cousins.
Unfortunately, equating Muslims with terrorists has become disturbingly common in American society—and the consequences can be violent. According to a Federal Bureau of Investigation report released in November, the number of assaults, attacks on mosques and other hate crimes against Muslims in 2015 was higher than at any other time except the immediate aftermath of Sept. 11. In 2015, there were 257 anti-Muslim incidents, up from 154 in 2014—a 67 percent increase. In 2001, 481 incidents were reported.
Cointelpro (1956-1971), short for “Counter Intelligence Program”, was a secret FBI operation where the American government destroyed the New Left and Black Power movements in the 1960s and early 1970s.
As the FBI put it, it sought to “expose, disrupt, misdirect, discredit, or otherwise neutralize” certain political movements thereby “protecting national security, preventing violence, and maintaining the existing social and political order.” To do this it lied, robbed and even murdered.
Racial steering is where a real estate agent will show you houses in certain neighbourhoods and not in others – not according to what you can afford, but according to your race! They do this without you knowing it. It helps to keep America divided by race.
Michelle Alexander, a civil rights lawyer and law professor at Ohio State University, argues in “The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness” (2010) that the mass imprisonment of black men since the 1980s has taken the place of Jim Crow as American society’s main way to control black men – just as Jim Crow itself took the place of making them slaves.